Referencing is an essential part of academic writing. The purpose is to acknowledge the original author and source of work that is not the author’s own. Referencing should also include acknowledgement of the original documents cited.

Referencing generally has two key elements;

  • An in-text marker that indicates to the reader that a particular concept, phrase or idea is attributable to someone else, and;
  • A complete reference list giving the full citation details for all sources referred to in the document.

The manner in which you are required to write the in-text citation and the reference list is determined by the Reference Style.


EndNote is a citation management software that helps you collect, organize, store, share, and format bibliographies or lists of references in your projects, papers, articles, theses and dissertations. EndNote X9 (19) is the latest version of EndNote, and available to FNU registered students, faculty, and staff.


RefWorks is a reference management software that creates your own personal database for references and files. References can be shared with other users in also using RefWorks. You can add citations directly to your text document using add-ons. It’s also easy to create a printable bibliography of your references by using RefWorks.

Zotero (open access)

Zotero is a citation management software program to cite sources such as articles, websites, and images, organize references into collections, collaborate with other researchers, store up to 3MB free of PDFs attached to references, import references from research databases and websites, insert citations into a word processing document and then automatically format them in a citation style.

Mendeley (open access)

Mendeley is a free reference manager and academic social network that can help you organize your research, collaborate with others online, and discover the latest research.

Citation Styles

Why do we cite?
Citing authoritative and appropriate sources provides evidence that you have read widely and can represent a wide range of views. It is important to follow a citing or referencing style to avoid plagiarism and to ensure that your user can easily locate the original sources of your citation.

Which style do we use?
There are several acceptable citation styles that may be used at the Fiji National University. The following are the most commonly used styles.
American Psychological Association (APA) Citation Style
Chicago Citation Style
Modern Language Association (MLA) Citation Style
Harvard Citation Style
American Chemical Society (ACS) Citation Style
Vancover Citation Style (for Health Sciences)
The College Student’s Guide to Citation Styles

Citation Maker

An up-to-date online citation generator service provided free of charge by the Hekman Library of Calvin College, able to quickly generate citations for the three main academic citation styles: Modern Language Association (MLA), American Psychological Association (APA), or Chicago Manual of Style. You can save, and alphabetize, edit and export citations into an rtf or word document and generate a bibliography with the appropriate format.

Citation Machine
An interactive tool useful for creating reference citations for Modern Language Association (7th), American. Psychological Association (6th), Turabian and Chicago citation styles.

Turabian and MLA 7th ed. Free Citation Generator & Bibliography Maker
A free web based program for citing resources according to Kate L. Turabian “A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations” 7th edition and MLA Manual 7th edition.

This is a “fully automatic bibliography maker that auto-fills. It’s the easiest way to build a works cited page. Search for a book, article, website, or film, or enter the information yourself; add it to your bibliography. Download your bibliography in either the MLA, APA, Chicago, or Turabian formats and include it in your paper”.